Paris School of Economics

     Breda Thomas

  Personal page     

Current Research:

Gender inequality:

  •  "Do female role models reduce the gender gap in science? Evidence from classroom interventions in French high schools", with Julien Grenet, Marion Monnet and Clémentine Van Effenterre. (Working paperRevise and resubmit Economic Journal
  •  "Daily use of social media increases body dissatisfaction of adolescent girls in a large cross-cultural survey'', with Clotilde Napp. Revise and resubmit Nature Human Behavior
  • "The gender gap in intentions to study math increases with math performance'', with Clotilde Napp. Revise and resubmit Nature Communications
  • "The gender equality paradox in chess holds among young players: A commentary on Vishkin (2022)", with Clotilde Napp. Revise and resubmit Psychological Science

Labor taxation:

  •  "Does Tax-Benefit Linkage Matter for the Incidence of Social Security Contributions", with Antoine Bozio and Julien Grenet. (Working paper) Reject and Resubmit Restud
  • "Labor market responses to taxes and minimum wage: a dynamic structural approach'', with Luke Haywood and Haomin Wang. (Working paper) Reject and resubmit Quantative Economics
  • "Wages, labor costs, taxes and technological determinants of inequalities: France 1976-2010",  with Antoine Bozio and Malka Guillot. (Working paper)


  • "Electoral Democracy at Work", with Philippe Askenazy. (IZA working paper). New draft with new data coming soon!
  • "Labor Facing Capital in the Workplace: The Role of Worker Representatives", with Jérôme Bourdieu and Vladimir Pecheu (Preliminary draft)
  • "Diversity and Social Capital within the Workplace: Evidence from Britain", with Alan Manning. (Working paper) R&R Industrial Relations

Peer-Reviewed Publications:

Main publications in English:

Other publications in English:

  • Breda, T. (2018) "Working in Family Firms", IZA World of Labor, 2018: 434.[Link]
  • Bourdieu, J., and T. Breda (2017) "Under-Paid Shop Stewards: A Case of Strategic Discrimination?", Travail et Emploi, n° 5 (HS 2017), pp. 5-30.
  • [Published paper]
  • Alvaredo, F., Breda, T., Roantree B. and E. Saez (2017) "Contribution ceilings and the Incidence of Payroll Taxes", De Economist, Special issue on the incidence of Social security contributions, vol 165, n°2, pp. 129-140. [Link]
  • Bozio, A., Breda, T. and J. Grenet (2017) "Incidence and Behavioural Response to Social Security Contributions: an Analysis of Kink Points in France", De Economist, Special issue on the incidence of Social security contributions, vol 165, n°2, pp. 141-163. [Link]
  •   Askenazy, P., Breda, T., and D. Irac (2016) "Advertising and R&D: theory and evidence from France", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, vol. 25, n° 1, pp. 33-56. [Downloadable version]

Publications in French:

  • Breda, T., Grenet, J., Monnet, M. and C. Van Effenterre (2018) "Les filles et les garçons face aux sciences : les enseignements d’une enquête dans les lycées franciliens", Éducation et Formation, n° 97, pp. 1-35. [Link]
  • Breda, T., Haywood, L. and H. Wang (2017) "Un modèle calibré pour évaluer l'effet du CICE sur l'emploi", Revue Française d'Economie, Vol. 32, n° 1, pp. 16-58. [Downloadable version]
  • Bourdieu, J., and T. Breda (2016) "Des délégués syndicaux sous-payés : une situation de discrimination stratégique ?", Travail et Emploi, vol 145, pp. 31-58.
  • [Published paper]
  • Greffion, J., and T. Breda (2015) "Façonner la prescription, influencer les médecins. Les effets difficilement saisissables du cœur de métier des grandes entreprises pharmaceutiques", Revue de la régulation, vol. 17, n° 1. [Online version]
  •  Breda, T. (2014) "Les délégués syndicaux sont-ils discriminés ?", La Revue Economique, vol 65, n°6, pp. 841-880.
  • [Downloadable version] [In the media]
  • English title: "Are union representatives discriminated?" [Working paper in English]


  • Les Représentants du Personnel, Presses de Sciences Po, Mars 2016. [Online extended version][Revue de Presse]
  •  De la theorie a la pratique : les effets attendus et observes de l'action syndicale, IRES, Collection Agence d'Objectifs, Mars 2011.

Chapters in books

  • Educational testing and gender, in the Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (ed. Naples N., Hoogland, R.C.,Wickramasinghe, M. and A. Wong), 2016.

Other Working papers/Work in progress:

  • "Modeling earnings and inequality dynamics with linked employer-employee data", with Richard Blundell, Marc Chan and Jean-Marc Robin
  • "Under-reporting of firm size around size-dependent regulation thresholds: evidence from France", with Philippe Askenazy and Vladimir Pecheu (Working paper)
  • "Do unions have egalitarian wage policy for their own employees? Evidence from the US 1959-2016", with Paolo Santini
  • "Plant-Level Productivity in a Declining Market: The Case of Union Locals", with Alex Bryson and John Forth. (Working paper)

PhD Thesis/Thèse: here/ici

Salaire des Représentants du personnel en 2011: ici  , voir aussi la page consacrée à la discrimination syndicale